Sustainable development of agriculture and its innovative security
Subject of research – innovative security of agriculture development. Aim of research is to develop theoretical, methodological and practical proposals for improving the innovative development of agriculture. Methods of research. The author applies a set of scientific methods of scientific research. From a methodological point of view, we note that this analysis refers to the period 2000-2015 years from two points of view: first, related to the provision of the full dataset and, secondly, the possibility of comparability. From this point of view, the analysis have identified in the article problems of innovative support of agriculture of Ukraine. Results of research. Sustainable intensification of agriculture requires the implementation of measures on introduction of innovations, while improving the environmental performance of agriculture requires change, simultaneous interventions along the whole food chain from production to consumption. Sustainable economic development of agriculture also requires unprecedented, large-scale changes in the behavior of consumers as well as producers of agricultural products. Elements and ways of sustainable development of agriculture and food systems are investigated. Innovation support to agriculture also requires rethinking the role of international and national structures. The global food system should become a genuine global partnership that widely shares information, experience and new technologies, following the principles of open access and practices about honor intellectual property, to enable broad access and use. Otherwise, the progress in the implementation of innovation support is slow, and therefore the goals and objectives of sustainable agricultural development cannot be achieved. A new model to implement is necessary, to uncover the real potential of agriculture enterprises in the public and private sectors in solving complex problems. You also need to put clear constraints on unsustainable or inequitable exploitation of land, water, forest and fisheries resources. Application of results. The results of this study can be applied in the practice of reforming domestic agriculture. Conclusions. Innovative development of agriculture is the creation of appropriate innovative infrastructure, attraction of new and improved competitive technologies, products or services, as well as organizational and technical decisions of industrial, administrative, commercial or other nature, which significantly improve the structure and quality of production and the social sphere, implementation of activities aimed at the use and commercialization of results of scientific research and development, which together provide the competitiveness of the industry.
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