Cluster development policy of the Republic of Moldova: challenges and prospects

  • Alla Levitskaia Comrat State University
Keywords: clusters, innovations, innovative development, knowledge, regional economy, cluster networks, competitiveness, organizational and economic mechanism


Production and transfer of knowledge, the processes of implementation and diffusion of innovations have crucial role in the context of the regional economic growth and competitiveness of the country as a whole. Successful course of these processes is enhanced by creation of a network of regional innovative interaction between the main «actors» of the innovative development, such as: scientific-research institutes, universities and providers of business services. The geographical proximity of these structures, which are interested in innovative development in the small territory of the autonomy examined by us, plays a crucial role in the establishment of an effective communication process between them. In addition to this type of proximity, the «actors» should also have cognitive proximity, which implies the overall knowledge that helps understanding and successfully absorbing new information in the process of interaction. Development of these processes is based on the processes of territorial clustering, and namely the creation of innovation networks, contributing to the acceleration of the interactive learning process between local innovation actors and their external partners, accumulation of regional knowledge based on the concept of cognitive economy. Based on the analysis of cluster policy the Republic of Moldova, this paper identifies the trends and mechanisms of development of cluster policy at the regional level. The experience of cluster establishment is described based on the example of development region of ATU Gagauzia.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Michael E. Porter, «Clusters and the New Economics of Competition,» Harvard Business Review, November/ December 1998.

2. PORTER, M. E. (1998), Clusters and the new economics of competition, in: Harvard Business Review, Nov./Dec., Vol. 76 Issue 6, p. 77.

3. Bruce Katz and Mark Muro, «The New ‘Cluster Moment’: How Regional Innovation Clusters Can Foster the Next Economy,» Brookings Institution, September 21, 2010.

4. Rosenfeld S. (1996) Overachieves: Business Cluster that works: Prospects for the regional Development. Chapel Hill, HC: Regional Technology Strategy Inc.

5. Enright M. J. Regional clusters and economic development: a research agenda. – Boston: Harvard Business School, 1993.

6. OECD. (1999). Boosting Innovation: The Cluster Approach. Paris. OECD (2007), Competitive Regional Clusters: National Policy Approaches.

7. Synopsis of Policy Options for Creating a Supportive Environment for Innovative Development. ECE/CECI/2008/3, Geneva, 9 September 2008.

8. V. Kneaghinin, Cluster path to the new economy. [Electronic resources]. URL: article /2012/11/19/cluster

9. Global Cluster initiative survey. 2012. Survey summery report. European commission, European Cluster observatory, Stockholm, 2012.

10.Edward M. Bergman, E.M. and Feser, E.J.(1999). Industrial and Regional Clusters: Concepts and Comparative Applications. Morgantown, WV: WVU Regional Research Institute Web Book.

11.Porter, M. E. (2000b). Locations, Clusters, and Company Strategy. In G. L. Clark, M. P. Feldman, & M. S. Gertler, The Oxford Handbook of Economic Geography (pp. 253-274). New York: Oxford University Press.

12.Guidelines for establishment of clusters - the main directions for establishment and management of cluster initiatives // Intra-Cluster Communication. p. 11

13.Eggerson R. Problems and institutions. - Peter, 2001. – p. 245

14.Ansoff I. New corporative strategy. Peter, 1999. – p. 416

15.International Benchmarking Study of Competitiveness Poles and Clusters and Identification of Best Practices. INNOVISA, Cluster Agroindustrial Ribatejo. June 2012. P. 23.

16.Teece D., Pisano G., Shuen A. Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management // Strategic Management Journal. – 1997, vol. 18. – P. 509-533

17.Veverita V., Aculai Е. Elaboration of the policy for supporting SME clusters: proposals for the Republic of Moldova. In: Fin-Consultant, 2010, nr.11, р.75-81.

18.Law No. 138 of 21.07.2007 on scientific-technological parks and innovative incubators. Monitorul Oficial Nr. 107-111 art: 476.

19.IEFS. Scientific report. «Identification of the main problems of SME in Moldova and elaboration of the methodical materials for creation and development of clusters» Applied research project ASM No. 10.817.08.04А. Project Director E.Aculai, Chisinău, 2010. – p. 121.

20.Journal «Innobarometru 2010 for RM».

21.Decision of the Government of the Republic of Moldova on the Concept of cluster development of the industry sector of the Republic of Moldova. No. 614 of 20 August 2013. In: Monitorul Official of the Republic, 30.08.2013 No. 187-190 (4505-4508)

22.Akulay E. Development of cluster support policies in Moldova: first steps and expected risks. In: Innovative Development of the Republic of Moldova: national objectives and global trends. Materials of the international scientific-practical conference. Comrat, Comrat State University, 2013 p. 113-117

23.Elaboration of regional development models by establishment of clusters». Scientific Report - ASEM, Chisinau 2009.

24.Gutu С. Elaboration of regional development models by establishment of clusters. Scientific Report - ASEM, Chisinau 2009

25.Dezhina I. Technology platforms and innovative clusters: together or separately? / Dezhina I.G. - M: Publishing house of the Gaidar Institute, 2013 – p. 124.

26.Report on joint EUA- REGIO/JRC Smart Specialisation: The role of universities in Smart Specialisation Strategies. EUA PUBLICATIONS.

27.Levitskaia A.P. Innovation and Education Cluster as a mechanism to accelerate the innovative processes in the region.// «Innovations» Russia, St. Petersburg. – No. 12. 2013. p. 98-103.

28.Education Innovation Clusters: Accelerating Innovation Through Regional Partnerships. Richard Culatta. July 16, 2012. U.S. Department of education.

29.Porter, Michael E.; Economic Development Quarterly, Feb2000, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p15, 20.

30.Levitskaia A., Diacon N. The role of cluster networks in the development of innovative potential of wine industry. «Management strategies and policies in contemporary economy», PhD with participation of intern. (Chişinău): ASEM, 2014.

Author Biography

Alla Levitskaia, Comrat State University

Levitskaia Alla, Dr. (Habil.), Assoc. Prof., Faculty of Economics Director, II «InnoCenter»

How to Cite
Levitskaia, A. (2018). Cluster development policy of the Republic of Moldova: challenges and prospects. University Economic Bulletin, (37/1), 318-329. Retrieved from
International Economics