Financial monitoring on the securities market of Ukraine: current realities and perspectives
Relevance of the research topic. The domestic securities market has significant opportunities for money laundering through its underdevelopment, significant level of shadowing and the overall financial and economic situation in the country. In such circumstances, the issue of the effectiveness improvement for financial monitoring as the main tool to counteract the income legalization and the holding of shadow operations on the securities market is relevant. Formulation of the problem. The low efficiency of the stock market of Ukraine, especially with regard to providing protection and transparency of investments, significantly reduces its competitiveness to obtain both foreign and domestic investments. Financial monitoring of securities transactions has key importance for effective development of the stock market in terms of its reliability and safety. Analysis of recent research and publications. Problems of financial monitoring in the aspect of ensuring financial and economic security and counteracting the legalization of illegally obtained proceeds, the financing of terrorism and the proliferation of mass impression weapons were investigated in the works of such scientists as O. Akimova, S. Butkevich, O. Glushchenko, S. Kuznetsov O. Kurishko, L. Klyusko, A. Khmelyuk and others. Selection of unexplored parts of the general problem. Considering the significant results of the research of the mentioned problems, the important object of financial monitoring, such as the securities market, is remained without the attention of the researchers though a considerable amount of shadow financial transactions is going on it. The purpose of the study is to analyze the current realities of financial monitoring in the Ukrainian securities market and to determine its development perspectives. Method or methodology for conducting research. The research was conducted on the basis of a systematic approach using methods of analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization and extrapolation. Results of work. The peculiarities of primary and state financial monitoring on the securities market of Ukraine are determined. Key performance indicators of professional stock market participants as subjects of primary financial monitoring are analyzed, as well as indicators of activities of the NSSMC and SSFM of Ukraine in the field of financial monitoring on the securities market. The main typical violations of the legislation on financial monitoring in the stock market and the main types of securities used to launder “dirty” funds are highlighted. The field of application of results. The results of the study can be used in the preparation of drafts to the domestic legislation governing the implementation of financial monitoring, as well as in the preparation of state programs for the development of the domestic stock market. Conclusions. According to the results of the research, it is concluded that there are significant perspectives for the development of financial monitoring on the Ukrainian securities market. Considering the common violations in the field of the financial market monitoring legislation, control for customer risk management procedures should be enhanced as well as for procedures to identificate, verificate and clarify information about clients and their representatives. Considering the most common ways for “dirty” funds laundering in the securities market, its professional participants – the subjects of the primary financial monitoring should follow the NSSMC's recommendations for setting high level of risk for clients with certain characteristics.
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