Accounting and analysis of operating expenditure of agricultural enterprises

  • Kateryna Pylypenko Poltava State Agrarian University
  • Svetlana Koval Kherson State Agrarian University
  • Mykola Kucherenko Hryhorii Skovoroda University in Pereiaslav
Keywords: agricultural enterprises, operating activities, costs, accounting, analysis, cost, optimization, financial results, management

Abstract

The subject of research is the theoretical and practical aspects of accounting and analysis of operating costs of agricultural enterprises, their impact on financial results, as well as proposals for optimization. The purpose of the article is to identify and summarize the features of accounting and analysis of operating costs of agricultural enterprises, establishing their impact on financial performance and development of optimization proposals. The methodological basis of the article is a monograph, system-structural analysis and synthesis, accounting, economic and statistical methods. The results of the article. It is established that the accounting of operating expenses is regulated by the NP (S) BU and its relevant forms. Their information is the main basis for their comprehensive analysis. Its implementation allowed to determine their constant increase and identify its factors. It was found that the cost of production, administrative costs, marketing costs and others are of paramount importance in the structure of operating expenses. They are also the ones who significantly shape the financial results of agricultural enterprises. Therefore, it is their optimization that increases profits as the main financial result. Field of application of results. The results can be used in higher education institutions, agricultural enterprises and other agribusiness entities. Conclusions. It is established that in the structure of operating costs the largest share is the cost of production, labor costs, administrative costs and marketing costs. They have been characterized by a significant increase over the last three years due to the constant growth of their components. Therefore, their optimization, as shown by the analysis of operating activities of agricultural enterprises, is based on reducing the cost of production by increasing the productivity of resources and labor, as well as reducing administrative costs due to improved organization of business and production processes. Changes in operating expenses are a factor influencing the dynamics of financial performance of economic entities, namely gross profit and profit from operating activities.

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Author Biographies

Kateryna Pylypenko, Poltava State Agrarian University

Doctor of Science (Economics), Professor, Professor of the Department of Accounting and Economic Control

Svetlana Koval, Kherson State Agrarian University

Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor Department of Accounting and Taxation

Mykola Kucherenko, Hryhorii Skovoroda University in Pereiaslav

Senior Lecturer of the Department of Finance, Accounting and Taxation

Published
2021-12-21
How to Cite
Pylypenko, K., Koval, S., & Kucherenko, M. (2021). Accounting and analysis of operating expenditure of agricultural enterprises. University Economic Bulletin, (51), 32-39. https://doi.org/10.31470/2306-546X-2021-51-32-39
Section
Agrarian Еconomy